Welcome back to the blog. We are here with yet another blog on again an interesting and alarming topic. This topic is related to Climate Change and problems related to it. EIA (Environment Impact Assessment) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of proposed projects or development, taking into account. As you might be knowing that’s government is trying to dilute EIA by proposing Draft 2020 notification. If you want to understand EIA DRAFT 2020 in detail please click on the link to the previous blog. Let me help you by giving example of projects where nature will be hampered if EIA 2020 is implemented. These are major projects which will not only affect the ecosystem of the Nature but also disturb the living environment of the native communities, endangered species getting extinct and sites which are earthquake prone zone.
How govt. is trying to dilute EIA DRAFT 2020??
what should our response as a citizen??
How to strengthen EIA DRAFT 2020??
Why should you care??
As of June 4, 2020, India secured 168 rank in the 12th edition of the Environment Performance Index (EPI Index 2020) – that measured the environmental performance of 180 countries – and was released by Yale University. India’s rank was 177 in 2018.
1. Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh.
Etalin, Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh a hydropower project has been proposed which will be producing power of 3097 MW. Similar projects proposed are Anonpani (22MW), Kamala (1800MW), Attunli (680MW).
In the Dibang valley, in Arunachal Pradesh, the Indian government has been planning to set up the Etalin Hydropower Project over two rivers, the Dri and the Tangon, situated inside the Dibang catchment zone.
The controversy around the project has many aspects. One is environmental: close to 3 lakh trees are expected to be felled to make way for the dam, and the project site is home to several species of wildlife. But while these concerns have drawn the most attention thus far, the dam is also bound to be controversial for its impact on the identity and rights of indigenous tribes in the area, for challenges from an engineering point of view and for its untenable position from a techno-legal point of view.
Dibang Valley is home to a genetically distinct population of tigers, over 75 species of other mammals, and 300+ species of birds, including many endangered ones. The valley is part of the eastern Himalayan Global Biodiversity Hotspot, which is one of only 36 such hotspots in the world. In addition to tigers, the greater region of Dibang Valley harbours mammals including the clouded leopard, Asiatic golden cat, Asiatic wild dog, red panda, Mishmi takin, red goral and Gongshan Muntjac.
The Idu Mishmi is an animist tribe in the Dibang valley. The Etalin project and the Dibang Multipurpose Dam (DMD), set to be built on the Dibang river, will directly affect their living areas and imperil their existence. The DMD will divert 5,349 ha of land and affect 2,000 Idu Mishmi individuals. Etalin will divert 1,150.08 ha of land designated ‘unclassified state forest’ (UCF) and affect 285 families in 18 villages.
The Etalin project proposes the construction of two dams, 101.5 metres and 80 metres high on the Dri and the Tangon rivers, respectively. According to the project’s report, their reservoirs will submerge 83.32 ha and 36.12 ha of land, respectively. Several studies have shown that large reservoirs develop reservoir-induced seismicity, increasing the frequency of earthquakes in areas that already experience high seismic activity. Such quakes have been observed especially with dams over 100 metres high.
The Dibang valley falls in one of the India’s most active seismic zones, and has experienced at least 34 earthquakes in the last century, including one of magnitude 8.6 in 1950. In these conditions, high dams with large reservoir are ripe for disaster.
30th June 2020, todays the last day for sending your responses. One mail, one share, one initiative can make a difference. If you have 1% interest in saving the Environment, then please click on the link below and make a difference.
Send in your response at: https://unitedconservationmovement.org/eia2020-draft-response/
Responses for EIA 2020 draft for citizens in PDF & Word format.
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