ONE LAST CHANCE TO SAVE EIA FROM DILUTING.

HELLO EVERYONE!!

Welcome back to the blog. We are here with yet another blog on again an interesting and alarming topic. This topic is related to Climate Change and problems related to it. EIA (Environment Impact Assessment) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of proposed projects or development, taking into account. As you might be knowing that’s government is trying to dilute EIA by proposing Draft 2020 notification. If you want to understand EIA DRAFT 2020 in detail please click on the link to the previous blog. Let me help you by giving example of projects where nature will be hampered if EIA 2020 is implemented. These are major projects which will not only affect the ecosystem of the Nature but also disturb the living environment of the native communities, endangered species getting extinct and sites which are earthquake prone zone.

How govt. is trying to dilute EIA DRAFT 2020??

what should our response as a citizen??

How to strengthen EIA DRAFT 2020??

Why should you care??

As of June 4, 2020, India secured 168 rank in the 12th edition of the Environment Performance Index (EPI Index 2020) – that measured the environmental performance of 180 countries – and was released by Yale University. India’s rank was 177 in 2018.

1. Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh.

Etalin, Dibang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh a hydropower project has been proposed which will be producing power of 3097 MW. Similar projects proposed are Anonpani (22MW), Kamala (1800MW), Attunli (680MW). 

In the Dibang valley, in Arunachal Pradesh, the Indian government has been planning to set up the Etalin Hydropower Project over two rivers, the Dri and the Tangon, situated inside the Dibang catchment zone.

The controversy around the project has many aspects. One is environmental: close to 3 lakh trees are expected to be felled to make way for the dam, and the project site is home to several species of wildlife. But while these concerns have drawn the most attention thus far, the dam is also bound to be controversial for its impact on the identity and rights of indigenous tribes in the area, for challenges from an engineering point of view and for its untenable position from a techno-legal point of view.

COURTESY: UNITED CONSERVATION MOVEMENT

Dibang Valley is home to a genetically distinct population of tigers, over 75 species of other mammals, and 300+ species of birds, including many endangered ones. The valley is part of the eastern Himalayan Global Biodiversity Hotspot, which is one of only 36 such hotspots in the world. In addition to tigers, the greater region of Dibang Valley harbours mammals including the clouded leopard, Asiatic golden cat, Asiatic wild dog, red panda, Mishmi takin, red goral and Gongshan Muntjac.

The Idu Mishmi is an animist tribe in the Dibang valley. The Etalin project and the Dibang Multipurpose Dam (DMD), set to be built on the Dibang river, will directly affect their living areas and imperil their existence. The DMD will divert 5,349 ha of land and affect 2,000 Idu Mishmi individuals. Etalin will divert 1,150.08 ha of land designated ‘unclassified state forest’ (UCF) and affect 285 families in 18 villages.

COURTESY: UNITED CONSERVATION MOVEMENT

The Etalin project proposes the construction of two dams, 101.5 metres and 80 metres high on the Dri and the Tangon rivers, respectively. According to the project’s report, their reservoirs will submerge 83.32 ha and 36.12 ha of land, respectively. Several studies have shown that large reservoirs develop reservoir-induced seismicity, increasing the frequency of earthquakes in areas that already experience high seismic activity. Such quakes have been observed especially with dams over 100 metres high.

The Dibang valley falls in one of the India’s most active seismic zones, and has experienced at least 34 earthquakes in the last century, including one of magnitude 8.6 in 1950. In these conditions, high dams with large reservoir are ripe for disaster.

30th June 2020, todays the last day for sending your responses. One mail, one share, one initiative can make a difference. If you have 1% interest in saving the Environment, then please click on the link below and make a difference.

Send in your response at: https://unitedconservationmovement.org/eia2020-draft-response/

Responses for EIA 2020 draft for citizens in PDF & Word format.


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EIA DRAFT 2020: THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT

Every last week of the month we will be focussing on “CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUES”. We are really sorry that this blog is coming a bit late. But you also know sooner or later we will have a blog for you which is worth your 5-minute read. Coming back to our topic of this week, it is Climate Change and in this we have alot to cover. Many aspects are important I know, but while you are reading this blog we are losing out on time to this particular cause. So, read this article carefully and till the end as participation from each and every one of you counts. By participation I mean just by sharing this blog you can participate in the cause. I’ll explain how for now we’ll get straight into the blog.

As by seeing the title you can assume that we’ll be talking about EIA DRAFT NOTIFICATION 2020. Now there might be people who don’t know what EIA is ?? what is happening to it now ?? and what can we do during a lockdown?? So, here’s a guide of all the list of things required.

WHAT IS EIA???

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.

WHAT IS HAPPENING TO IT NOW???

Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has proposed a draft Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) notification 2020, that seeks to replace the current notification which goes back to 2006.

The draft notification is issued under the powers vested in the central government under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 to take all such measures for “protecting and improving the quality of the environment”.

According to the government, the new notification is being brought in order to make the process more transparent and expedient by the implementation of an online system, further delegation, rationalisation and standardisation of the process. However, the environmentalist said that the draft will further dilute the EIA process.

EIA process FLOWCHART

Issues Pertaining to Draft EIA Notification 2020

POST-FACTO APPROVAL

The new draft allows for post-facto approval for projects. It means that the clearances for projects can be   awarded even if they have started construction or have been running phase without securing environmental clearances.

PUBLIC CONSULTATION PROCESS

The draft notification provides for a reduction of the time period from 30 days to 20 days for the public to submit their responses during a public hearing for any application seeking environmental clearance.

The danger is that if adequate time is not given for the preparation of views, comments and suggestions to those who would be affected by the project, then such public hearings would not be meaningful.

COMPLIANCE REPORT ISSUE

The 2006 notification required that the project proponent submit a report every six months, showing that they are carrying out their activities as per the terms on which permission has been given

However, the new draft requires the promoter to submit a report only once every year.

BYPASSING EIA PROCESS

Through the draft notification, the central government gets the power to categorise projects as “strategic”.

Once a project is considered as strategic, the draft notification states that no information related to such projects shall be placed in the public domain.

On a positive note, the 2020 draft notification has a clause dedicated to definitions to several terms related to EIA. It may be beneficial in the sense that it consolidates the EIA rules and has the potential of alleviating some ambiguity in the present law.

If you want to read the draft EIA 2020, click on the link below:

Now if you want to bring the change there is an activist group named LET INDIA BREATHE. They have written the email to the concerned authority you just have to click on the Link below and follow the instructions:

https://letindiabreathe.in/WithdrawDraftEIA2020?fbclid=IwAR0jXZFzlj1jjZUwG520QfI_a9OGmm5m6g9fGWjN-YvnclNTVU-Mva9t-Gs

if you want to see how these simple changes in the laws can bring complex change in our society do watch this video:

On a daily basis we normally do many things which are unnecessary, by sharing this blog you can do one thing which is necessary. If you care of your environment and don’t want to ruin it share this blog with your friends and create an awareness.


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